The Battle of Alberta is a term applied to the intense rivalry between the Canadian cities of Edmonton, the capital (since 1905) of the province of Alberta, and Calgary, the province's most populous (since 1976) city.
Around this time some Cree and allied peoples (the Iron Confederacy) pushed south onto the plains, and became rivals of the Blackfoot.
By the 1810s, explorer Peter Fidler identified the Battle River as a disputed frontier between the two groups.
Locke asserts that the lack of an HBC presence in the south set the stage for very different patterns of settlement in the different regions.
Calgary was founded as a North-West Mounted Police fort and was not much of a settlement at all until the mid-1880s when the Canadian Pacific Railway suddenly shifted its planned route across Western Canada from a northern one (via Edmonton) to a more southerly path (via Calgary).
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