Kupper, "Partner Violence among Adolescents in Opposite-Sex Romantic Relationships: Findings from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health," American Journal of Public Health 91, no.
Miller-Johnson, S., Gorman-Smith, D., Sullivan, T., Orpinas, P., Simon, T. Journal fo Clinical Child and Adoelscent Psychology, 38(4), 538 - 550.
Any young person can experience dating abuse or unhealthy relationship behaviors, regardless of gender, sexual orientation, socioeconomic standing, ethnicity, religion or culture.
Unfortunately, teen dating violence—the type of intimate partner violence that occurs between two young people who are, or who were once in, an intimate relationship—is a serious problem in the United States.
A national survey found that ten percent of teens, female and male, had been the victims of physical dating violence within the past year and can increase the risk of physical injury, poor academic performance, binge drinking, suicide attempts, unhealthy sexual behaviors, substance abuse, negative body image and self-esteem, and violence in future relationships.
Christopher, "Romance and Violence in Dating Relationships," Journal of Family Issues 4, no.
Report on Recognizing, Fighting and Surviving Date and Acquaintance Rape (New York: Harper and Row, 1988). Carol Sousa, "The Dating Violence Intervention Project," in Dating Violence: Young Women in Danger, ed.
It's important to realize that an abusive boyfriend or girlfriend can use physical or emotional attacks and that emotional abuse can be as serious as physical abuse.