By early 2013 there were around 11 million E85-capable vehicles on U. Like the limitations suffered by sales of E85, commercialization of E15 is constrained by the lack of infrastructure as most fuel stations do not have enough pumps to offer the new E15 blend, few existing pumps are certified to dispense E15, and no dedicated tanks are readily available to store E15.Ethanol production was expected to continue to grow over the next several years, since the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 required 36 billion US gallons of renewable fuel use by 2022.In early 2009 the industry experienced financial stress due to the effects of the economic crisis of 2008. ethanol has come from corn and the required electricity for many distilleries came mainly from coal. The primary issues related to the large amount of arable land required for crops and ethanol production's impact on grain supply, indirect land use change (ILUC) effects, as well as issues regarding its energy balance and carbon intensity considering its full life cycle.
The costs will be passed on to ratepayers, and are expected to mean the coal plants would keep running, rather than closing.
The provision is widely seen as an attempt to gain support from downstate lawmakers who see keeping the coal plants open as a way to preserve jobs. history,” said Dave Lundy, head of the BEST Coalition of environmental groups, businesses and others that oppose the supports for nuclear and coal plants in the bill, at a press conference shortly after the bill’s introduction. This bill is going to cost $24 billion, that’s billion with a ‘B’.” He described how the cost of the bill has escalated from $3 billion when Exelon first sought the nuclear plant supports to the current price tag.
The Renewable Fuels Association reported 209 ethanol distilleries in operation located in 29 states in 2011, and 140 under construction or expansion as of December 2011, that upon completion, would bring U. total installed capacity to 15.0 billion US gallons. roads could run on blends of up to 10% ethanol(E10), and manufacturers had begun producing vehicles designed for much higher percentages. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) granted a waiver to allow up to 15% of ethanol blended with gasoline (E15) to be sold only for cars and light pickup trucks with a model year of 2001 or later.
Most expansion projects are aimed to update the refinery's technology to improve ethanol production, energy efficiency, and the quality of the livestock feed they produce. Flexible-fuel cars, trucks, and minivans use gasoline/ethanol blends ranging from pure gasoline up to 85% ethanol (E85). The EPA waiver authorizes, but does not require stations to offer E15.
Despite Rahall becoming 1 of only 4 Democrats to oppose the final bill, it passed in the House without amendment in January 2007.